Co-authored by Tanja Samardzija.

Pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) fined a natural gas trader $30 million for manipulating the settlement price for natural gas futures contracts on the New York Mercantile Exchange by selling a significant number of contracts in a manner designed to affect the settlement price for those contracts. According to the trader, the FERC could not fine him because the Commodity Futures Trading Commission has exclusive jurisdiction over all transactions involving commodity futures contracts. The trader petitioned the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit for review; the CFTC intervened in support of the trader. The court found that Congress intended Section 2(a)(1)(A) of the Commodity Exchange Act to give the CFTC exclusive jurisdiction over transactions conducted on futures markets. The court granted the trader’s petition for review, finding that manipulation of natural gas futures contracts falls within the CFTC’s exclusive jurisdiction and that nothing in the Energy Policy Act clearly repeals the CFTC’s exclusive jurisdiction. Hunter v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, No. 11-1477 (March 15, 2013).

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